1 the gymnastic moves of an acrobat [syn: tumbling]
2 the performance of stunts while in flight in an aircraft [syn: aerobatics, stunting, stunt flying]
- German: Akrobatik
Acrobatics (from Greek Akros, high and bat, walking) is one of the performing arts, and is also practiced as a sport. Acrobatics involves difficult feats of balance, agility and coordination. Nearly any performance or sport which involves full-body activity—especially in short, highly controlled bursts of activity—can be considered acrobatics. Typical examples are, first and foremost, all the subdivisions of gymnastics and trapeze work, but specialized activities like ballet and diving could also be included. In a narrow sense, the term "acrobatics" refers to "acrobatic gymnastics," a specialized subdivision of gymnastics.
Western historyAcrobatic traditions are found in many cultures. In the West, Minoan art from circa 2000 BC contains depictions of acrobatic feats on the backs of bulls, which may have been a religious ritual.
The court displays of the European Middle Ages would often involve acrobatic performances along with song, juggling and other activities.
Though initially the term applied to tight-rope walking, in the 19th century, a form of performance art, including circus acts began to use the term as well. In the late 19th century, tumbling and other acrobatic/gymnastic activities became a competitive sport in Europe.
Acrobatics in Western history have become a key subject for fine art. An excellent example is Acrobats at the Cirque Fernando (Francisca and Angelina Wartenberg) by Impressionist Pierre-Auguste Renoir which depicts two German acrobatic sisters. The painting resides at the Art Institute of Chicago.
Eastern historyIn China, acrobatics (“Hundred Plays”) have been a part of the culture since the Western Han Dynasty, over 2500 years ago. Acrobatics were part of village harvest festivals.
During the Tang Dynasty, acrobatics saw much the same sort of development as European acrobatics saw during the Middle Ages with court displays during the 7th through 10th century dominating the practice. Today the performance art remains to be one of the most important performances offered within Chinese variety art, mostly referred to in the west as "Chinese Circus".
EducationTraditionally, acrobatic skills were kept within families and passed from parents to children. This is still true especially among family circus groups nowadays. However, most acrobats are now taught by larger scale education systems, as circuses are now made up of many more professionals than they used to be. Many schools specializing in acrobatics art are providing a constant resource of acrobatic artists. Some of these schools are independently operated, and some are supported and affiliated to circuses.
Acrobatic Gymnasticssee : Acrobatic Gymnastics
acrobatics in Catalan: Acrobàcia
acrobatics in Czech: Akrobacie
acrobatics in Danish: Akrobatik
acrobatics in German: Akrobatik
acrobatics in Estonian: Akrobaatika
acrobatics in Spanish: Acrobacia
acrobatics in French: Acrobatie
acrobatics in Galician: Acrobacia
acrobatics in Italian: Acrobata
acrobatics in Hebrew: אקרובטיקה
acrobatics in Kazakh: Акробатика
acrobatics in Kirghiz: Aкробатика
acrobatics in Dutch: Acrobatiek
acrobatics in Japanese: アクロバット
acrobatics in Polish: Akrobatyka
acrobatics in Portuguese: Acrobacia
acrobatics in Russian: Акробатика
acrobatics in Finnish: Akrobatia
acrobatics in Swedish: Akrobatik
acrobatics in Turkish: Akrobasi
acrobatics in Ukrainian: Акробатика
acrobatics in Min Nan: Te̍k-ki
Rugby, aerobatics, agonistics, association football, athletics, banking, bathing, chandelle, crabbing, dive, diving, fishtailing, glide, gymnastics, natation, nose dive, palaestra, power dive, pull-up, pullout, pushdown, rolling, rugger, sideslip, soccer, spiral, sports, stall, stunting, swimming, tactical maneuvers, track, track and field, tumbling, volplane, zoom